Iran sends three satellites into space, sparks Western concern amid escalating tensions

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By Carina

Iran announced the successful launch of three satellites into space using the Simorgh rocket, a significant development for its space program. 

This launch, however, occurs amid rising tensions in the Middle East due to the ongoing war between Israel and Hamas in the Gaza Strip, raising concerns over potential regional conflicts.

Read More: U.S. and U.K. militaries collaborate to bomb locations in Yemen used by Iran-backed Houthis

Iran’s space achievement amidst Middle East tensions

The launch showcased on Iranian state television, featured the nighttime deployment of the Simorgh rocket from the Imam Khomeini Spaceport in Semnan province. 

Iran launches 3 satellites into space as tensions rise | CTV News
Credits: CTV News

“The roar of the Simorgh (rocket) resonated in our country’s sky and infinite space,” said state TV reporter Abbas Rasooli. The satellites launched include Mahda, a research satellite, and two nanosatellites, Kayhan-2 and Hatef-1, focusing on global positioning and communication. 

According to Iran’s Information and Communications Technology Minister Isa Zarepour, the Mahda satellite has already begun transmitting signals back to Earth.

Overcoming past failures in Iran’s space program

This achievement marks a turning point for the Simorgh program, which experienced five consecutive failed launches previously. 

The successful launch, emblazoned with the slogan “We Can,” indicates Iran’s persistence in advancing its space capabilities despite past setbacks. 

The Simorgh rocket, a two-stage, liquid-fueled vehicle, is designed to place satellites into low Earth orbit, but its dual-use potential as a ballistic missile technology has raised concerns among Western nations.

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U.S. concerns over Iran’s satellite launches and missile capabilities

The U.S. intelligence community’s 2023 worldwide threat assessment has expressed concerns over the development of satellite launch vehicles like the Simorgh, suggesting they could expedite Iran’s ability to develop an intercontinental ballistic missile. 

The U.S. has previously stated that Iran’s satellite launches contradict a U.N. Security Council resolution, which calls for Tehran to refrain from activities involving ballistic missiles capable of delivering nuclear weapons.

Raisi’s Iran advances space program amid nuclear tensions with U.S.

Under the leadership of hard-line President Ebrahim Raisi, who succeeded the more moderate Hassan Rouhani, Iran has actively advanced its space program. 

This move comes amidst the collapse of the 2015 nuclear deal and heightened tensions with the U.S. 

Iran’s nuclear program has also seen significant developments, with uranium enrichment reaching near weapons-grade levels, though there is no evidence of Tehran actively pursuing a nuclear weapon.

International reaction to Iran’s satellite launch

France, Germany, and the United Kingdom condemned an earlier Iranian satellite launch on Jan. 20, echoing concerns about its potential to aid the development of long-range ballistic missiles. 

Tehran, however, insists its space endeavors are for peaceful purposes despite possessing the largest arsenal of ballistic missiles in the Middle East.

UK warship neutralizes Houthi drone in Red Sea

Amidst these developments, the UK Defense Ministry reported that one of its warships shot down a drone launched by Yemen’s Houthi rebels in the Red Sea. 

The incident, which involved the HMS Diamond, did not result in any damage or injuries. 

The Houthis, who have declared U.S. and British ships as targets, have been linked to the conflict in Gaza, but their attacks increasingly disrupt international trade and seem unconnected to the ongoing war.

Global concerns over Iran’s space success amid regional conflicts 

As Iran celebrates its success in space technology, the geopolitical implications of its satellite launches and expanding nuclear program remain a point of global concern. 

The ongoing Middle Eastern conflicts and the activities of proxy groups like the Houthis further complicate the situation. 

Violent Conflicts in the Middle East: A Quantitative Perspective | INSS
Credits: INSS

The international community continues to monitor these developments, focusing on maintaining regional stability and preventing escalation.

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